Sexual attraction is attraction on the basis of sexual desire or the quality of arousing such interest. The attraction can be to the physical or other qualities or traits of a person, or to such qualities in the context where they appear. The attraction may be to a person's aesthetics or movements or to their voice or smell, besides other factors.
The attraction may be enhanced by a person's adornments, clothing, perfume or style. It can be influenced by individual geneticpsychologicalor cultural factors, or to other, more amorphous qualities.
Sexual attraction is also a response to another person that depends on a combination of the person possessing the traits and on the criteria of the person who is attracted. Though attempts have been made to devise objective criteria of sexual attractiveness and measure it as one of several bodily forms of capital asset see erotic capitala person's sexual attractiveness is to a large extent a subjective measure dependent on another person's interest, perception, and sexual orientation.
For example, a gay or lesbian person would typically find a person of the same Why are men sexually attracted to women to be more attractive than one of the other sex.
A bisexual person would find either sex to be attractive. Asexuality refers to those who do not experience sexual attraction for either sex, though they may have romantic attraction homoromantic, biromantic or heteroromantic or a non-directed libido.
The ability of a person's physical and other qualities to create a sexual interest in others is the basis of their use in advertisingfilmand other visual media, as well as in modeling Why are men sexually attracted to women other occupations. In evolutionary terms, the ovulatory shift hypothesis posits that female humans exhibit different sexual behaviours and desires at points in their menstrual cycleas a means to ensure that they attract a high quality mate to copulate with during their most fertile time.
Hormone levels throughout the menstrual cycle affect a woman's overt behaviours, influencing the way a woman presents herself to others during stages of her menstrual cycle, in attempt to attract high quality mates the closer the woman is to ovulation. Human sexuality has many aspects. In biologysexuality describes the reproductive mechanism and the basic biological drive that exists in all sexually reproducing species and can encompass sexual intercourse and sexual contact in all its forms.
There are also emotional and physical aspects of sexuality. These relate to the bond between individuals, which may be expressed through profound feelings or emotions.
Sociologicallyit can cover the culturalpoliticaland legal aspects; philosophicallyit can span the moralethicaltheologicalspiritualand religious aspects.
Which aspects of a person's sexuality attract another is influenced by cultural factors; it has varied over time as well as personal factors. Influencing factors may be determined more locally among sub-cultures, across sexual fieldsor simply by the preferences of the individual. These preferences come about as a result of a complex variety of geneticpsychologicaland cultural factors.
A person's physical appearance has a critical impact on their sexual attractiveness. This involves the impact one's appearance has on the sensesespecially in the beginning of a relationship:. As with other animals, pheromones may have an impact, though less significantly in the case of humans.
Theoretically, the "wrong" pheromone may cause someone to be disliked, even when they would otherwise appear attractive. Frequently, a pleasant-smelling perfume is used to encourage the member of the opposite sex to more deeply inhale the air surrounding its wearer, [ citation needed ] increasing the probability that the individual's pheromones will be inhaled.
The importance of pheromones in human relationships is probably limited and is widely disputed, [ unreliable source? Many people exhibit high levels of sexual fetishism and Why are men sexually attracted to women sexually stimulated by other stimuli not normally associated with sexual arousal. The degree to which such fetishism exists or has existed in different cultures is controversial. Pheromones have been determined to play a role in sexual attraction between people. They influence gonadal hormone secretion, for example, follicle maturation in the ovaries in females and testosterone and sperm production in males.
Research conducted by Donald G. Dutton and Arthur P. Aron in the s Why are men sexually attracted to women to find the relation between sexual attraction and high anxiety conditions. In doing so, 85 male participants were contacted by an attractive female interviewer at either a fear-arousing suspension bridge or a normal bridge.
Conclusively, it was shown that the male participants who were asked to by the female interviewer to perform the thematic apperception test TAT on the fear-arousing bridge, wrote more sexual content in the stories and attempted, with greater effort, to contact the interviewer after the experiment than those participants who performed the TAT on the normal bridge. In another test, a male participant, chosen from a group of 80, was given anticipated shocks.
With him was an attractive female confederate, who was also being shocked. The experiment showed that the male's sexual imagery in the TAT was much higher when self shock was anticipated and not when the female confederate shock was anticipated. People consciously or subconsciously enhance their sexual attractiveness or sex appeal for a number of reasons.
It may be to attract someone with whom they can form a deeper relationship, for companionshipprocreationor an intimate relationshipbesides other possible purposes.
It can be part of a courtship process. This can involve physical aspects or interactive processes whereby people find and attract potential partners, and maintain a relationship. These processes, which involve attracting a partner and maintaining sexual interest, can include flirtingwhich can be used to attract the sexual attention of another to encourage romance or sexual relations, and can involve body languageconversation, joking, or brief physical contact.
Men have been found to have a greater interest in uncommitted sex compared to women.
However,  additional trends have been found with a greater sensitivity to partner status in women choosing a sexual partner and men placing a greater emphasis on physical attractiveness in a potential mate, as well as a significantly greater tendency toward sexual jealousy in men and emotional jealousy in women. Bailey, Gaulin, Agyei, and Gladue analyzed whether these results varied according to sexual orientation.